Changes of Heavy Metal Concentrations in Goats Milk during Lactation Stage in Organic Breeding


1Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Trg Sv. Trojstva 3, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
2Faculty of Food Technology, Kuhaceva 20, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
3Department of Public Health, F. Krežme 1, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
4Faculty of Agriculture, Svetosimunska c. 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia


ANTUNOVIC, Z., T. KLAPEC, S. CAVAR, B. MIOC, J. NOVOSELEC and Z. KLIR, 2012. Changes ofheavy metal concentrations in goats milk during lactation stage in organic breeding. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci.,18: 166-170

The investigations were carried out with 10 French Alpine goats. Investigation was done during winter-feeding season in organic breeding. All animals were in the fourth lactation, average age of four years, healthy and in good condition. They were fed with cereal mixture (oat, corn and barley) 1000 g/day and meadow hay (ad libitum). Milk samplings were carried out on 30th, 60th, 90th and 120th lactation day. Electrothermal technique was used to determine Cd and Pb concentrations whereas Hg concentration was determined with a hydride technique. There was no significant difference (P > 0.05) between determined Cd, Pb and Hg concentrations with regard to the lactation period in goat milk. However, it should be stressed that Cd, Pb and Hg concentrations decreased in goat milk along with the increase of lactation (Cd: from 0.71 until 0.56; Pb: from 8.67 until 7.41; Hg: from 0.012 until 0.010 μg/kg DM). Concentration of heavy metals in goat milk showed connection with fodder samples. The presence of heavy metals in goat milk in organic breeding appeared to be in a very low concentration in these investigations and did not present any risk to human health.

Key words: heavy metals, goat, milk, organic breeding, lactation stage

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