Methods of remote sensing in ratial use of land resources

Enrik I. Galeev, Marat G. Ishbulatov, Garifulla Kh. Yaparov, Ayrat R. Khafizov, Rustam I. Abdulmanov, Ilnur R. Miftakhov
Federal State Budgetary Educational Establishment of Higher Education “Bashkir State Agrarian University”, 450001 Ufa, Bashkortostan, Russia

Abstract

Galeev, E. I., Ishbulatov, M. G.,  Yaparov, G. Kh., Khafizov, A. R., Abdulmanov, R. I. & Miftakhov, I. R. (2019). Methods of remote sensing in ratial use of land resources. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 25 (Suppl. 2), 66–73

One of the most important issues of our time is the use of existing natural resource potential, especially land resources. Variety of ownership forms and ensuring their equality in modern Russia served as a condition for development of many forms of agriculture, the formation and development of new and effective forms of agriculture management for the country. Also, the motivation of citizens to a more rational use of available land resources and introduction of rational methods of environmentally safe land use has increased. These circumstances caused an urgent need for objective information on land resources, control of changes in the use of land, especially agricultural land.
The use of remote sensing data is of particular interest in obtaining estimates of land use. Remote sensing today is a huge variety of methods and techniques for obtaining images of the earth’s surface, it’s subsoil, water bodies in all ranges of electromagnetic spectrum and radio band. Also the possibility of different options for creating images, with different degrees of visibility and detail. Today’s methods of remote sensing are modern automated information systems for collecting and processing information on available land resources, which are now increasingly being introduced in agricultural areas. According to the data obtained from remote sensing, the structure and dynamics of agricultural landscapes are studied. Positive and negative aspects of agricultural impact on the land are analyzed. Tasks of state land monitoring are solved.

Keywords: remote sensing; land resources; aerial photography; scanning

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