Nectariferous potential and cadastral evaluation of honey resources of the wildlife Altyin Solok Reserve created for the conservation and reproduction of the Burzian population of the Apis Mellifera Mellifera L.

Rail Khisamov, Yulai Yanbaev, Fitrat Yumaguzhin, Rashit Farkhutdinov, Marat Ishbulatov, Mikhail Onuchin, Radik Mustafin, Zagir Rakhmatullin, Eduard Talipov
Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Bashkir State Agrarian University”, Ufa 450001, Bashkortostan, Russia

Abstract

Khisamov, R., Yanbaev, Y., Yumaguzhin, F., Farkhutdinov, R., Ishbulatov, M., Onuchin, M., Mustafin, R., Rakhmatullin, Z., & Talipov, E. (2019). Nectariferous potential and cadastral evaluation of honey resources of the wildlife Altyin Solok Reserve created for the conservation and reproduction of the Burzian population of the Apis Mellifera Mellifera L. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 25 (Suppl. 2), 140–149

The study of the honey potential of a certain region is necessary for the organization of intensive technologies for keeping bees colonies allowing rational use of honey resources of the area. The work on the cadastral evaluation of honey resources allows carrying out an economic appraisal of the production potential, planning the prospects and forms of beekeeping development in the given area. The purpose of this work is to study the floristic composition of the main honey plants of the Altyin Solok Reserve, to determine the honey reserve and to conduct a cadastral evaluation of honey resources of the wildlife reserve. It was found that the dominant honey plant in the reserve is small-leaved Linden (Tilia cordata Mill.), which forms more than 90% of the honey reserve of the studied area. In this studied area nectar bearing capacity of lime-tree, thickets of Norway maple and mixed herbs are designated quarterly in forest clearings. The main honey plants are 18 trees, 23 shrubs and 221 herbaceous species. On the territory of the wildlife Altyin Solok Reserve the main and supporting honey collection is formed by 94 species of honey plants. The calculation of the appropriate production and the cost of bee products in the wildlife Altyin Solok Reserve were made. A map of the quarterly zoning of this reserve for the organization of bee pasture areas with the designation of the wild hive or apiary type of bee families’ content in the reserve was produced. The methodology of integrated assessment of bee forage is developed that includes a floristic description of nectar plants, the definition of nectar bearing capacity of territories of productive bees flight and a form of a rational organization of the bee families content as well as the cadastral evaluation of the melliferous resources and appropriate volume of bee produce. The technique can be used in any region to assess the area where beekeeping is introduced for the first time as well as to optimize the content of bee colonies in the developed areas.

Keywords: ecology; honey bee; wildlife reserve; Altyin Solok; forest; dark bee; Apis mellifera

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