Survey on the worldwide barley production and trade

Elena Soare1, Nicolae Bold2, Paula Stoicea1, Livia David1, Carina-Andreea Dobre1 and Andreea-Roxana Firățoiu1
1 University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Bucharest of Bucharest, 59 Marasti Boulevard, District 1, 011464, Bucharest, Romania
2 University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Management and Rural Development – Slatina Branch, 150 Strehareti Street, Slatina, Romania


Soare, E., Bold, N., Stoicea, P., David, L., Dobre, C.-A. & Firățoiu, A.-R. (2023). Survey on the Worldwide Barley Production and Trade. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 29 (Supplement 1), 119–124

The conducted study captures a series of aspects regarding the production and trade of barley worldwide, in the period 2015-2021. In order to achieve the objective of this study, the main indicators related to the barley production and marketing sector were analyzed, such as: the area cultivated with barley worldwide; barley production obtained at the global level; average production per hectare of barley; consumption of barley; global imports and exports of barley. Barley culture can be found on all continents, but the cultivated area differs greatly from one region to another. In 2021, the largest area cultivated with barley at the continental level was in Europe, of 22,525,713 ha. In the period 2015–2021, Europe achieved 60.7% of the barley production obtained worldwide. Europe is the leader both in terms of the area cultivated with barley, as well as the production achieved in the interval under analysis. Barley is particularly important, because it has multiple uses, such as: for human food; for animal feed and an important source of raw materials for industry. At the present time, on a global level, barley culture is in the attention of agricultural specialists. The statistical data used in the paper were provided by the Faostat website.

Keywords: area cultivated with barley; total production of barley; consumption of barley; imports and exports of barley worldwide

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