Performance and biochemical parameters of Japanese quail blood to different levels of hydroalcoholic extract of Malva sylvestris

Ebrahim Talebi1 and Nikolina Rusenova2
1 Department of Animal Sciences, Darab Branch, Islamic Azad University, Darab, Iran
2 Trakia University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, 6000, Stara Zagora, Bulgaria

Abstract

Talebi, E. & Rusenova, N. (2024). Performance and biochemical parameters of Japanese quail blood to different levels of hydroalcoholic extract of Malva sylvestris. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 30(1), 120–127

This experiment was performed to investigate the effect of different levels of Malva sylvestris extract on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and some blood parameters of Japanese quail, in a completely randomized design with 16 experimental units including 4 treatments, 4 replicates, and 10 birds in each replication. Experimental treatments included basal diet (control) and different levels of Malva sylvestris extract (1, 2, and 3% of diet). Feed intake and overweight were recorded weekly. The results revealed that during the experimental period, Malva sylvestris extract was not significant effect on weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion ratio, and carcass characteristics (P > 0.05), but there was a significant difference between the experimental treatments related to blood parameters such as cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), HDL, LDL and total antioxidant properties (TAP) (P < 0.05). The addition of Malva sylvestris extract significantly reduced the concentration of cholesterol, TG, HDL, and LDL in the blood and increased the TAP (P < 0.05). According to the results of this study, it seems that the use of 2% Malva sylvestris extract can influence the bird’s health status by changing blood factors.

Keywords: blood parameters; performance; Malva sylvestris; quail

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