Flower Yield and Quality of Lilium aziatische Irrigated with Different Types of Water

Water Management and Environment Research Program. National Center for Agricultural Researches and Technology Transfer “NCARTT”, Jordan


SAFI, M. I., A. BULAD and A. BLAWENAH, 2007. Flower yield and quality of Lilium aziatische irrigated with different types of water. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 13: 51-54

The effect of three water types with different salinity levels; the effluent from Al-Baq’a treatment plant ‘EF’ (2.02 dS/m), and extra treated wastewater after Ultra Filtration membrane ‘UF’ (1.91 dS/m), and Mixed water (50 % after Reverse Osmosis membrane ‘RO’ with 50 % of UF; 1.15 dS/m) on the performance, flower production and quality of three cultivars of Lilium aziatische cv. “Elite, Prato, and Pollyanna” planted in soil under the plastic house conditions was investigated during the year 2005.
Water type had a significant effect on lily flower yield and quality produced. In general, the three lily cultivars produced the highest flower yields kg/m2when irrigated with the UF water type compared to the EF and Mix water treatments. The significantly highest flower yield was recorded for the Elite followed by Prato cultivar irrigated with the UF water type. While the lowest flower yields were recorded for the three cultivars irrigated with the Mix water treatment. We can notice that this increase in flower yield weight is a reflection of longer and thicker stalks and more buds per stalk produced by Elite and Prato irrigated with UF compared to the other water types. The results strongly indicate that the lower the percentage of buds droped per stalk the higher the number of flower buds remained on stalk in relation to water type used for irrigation

Key words: lily; effluent; ultra-filtration; reverse osmosis

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