C. YUCEL and M. AVCI
Cukurova Agricultural Research Institute, Adana, Turkey
YUCEL, C. and M. AVCI, 2009. Effect of different ratios of common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) - triticale (Triticosecale Whatt) mixtures on forage yields and quality in Cukurova plain in Turkey. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 15: 324-333
To investigate the introduction of vetch/triticale forage mixtures in the winter season of Mediterranean-type environments, the study was carried out, in 2004/05, 2006/07 and 2007/08 at the Cukurova Agricultural Research Institute, Adana/TURKEY. In this study common vetch (V), triticale (T), and their mixtures were seeded as ratios ranged from 10% to 90 %.
According to the average of three years result, the highest crude protein yields were recorded as 1383.8 and 1339.3 kg ha-1 from V90%+T10% and V80%+T20% mixtures respectively. Research findings showed that more crude protein yield was obtained from the 80-90 percent vetch rate. On account of protein rate and yield, the vetch-triticale composition containing 90-80 % vetch should be preferred to obtain high quality forage. In case of requirement of the forage containing high energy, the mixture containing higher triticale ratio could be preferred.
Abbreviations: ADF, acid detergent fiber; CP, crude protein; DDM, digestibly dry matter; DMY, dry matter yield; DMI, dry matter intake; NDF, neutral detergent fiber; DDMR, Digestibility Dry Matter Ratio