Comparative Analysis of Organic and Conventional Farmers and Their Farming Systems. Where Does the Difference Lie?

Department of Agricultural Economics, School of Agriculture, Box 232, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 541.24, Thessaloniki Greece


OXOUZI, E. and E. PAPANAGIOTOU, 2010. Comparative analysis of organic and conventional farmers and their farming systems. Where does the difference lie? Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 16: 135-142

The adoption of non-conventional agricultural practices, such as biological agriculture, forms a realistic and quite feasible alternative for Greek agriculture, within the context of a new agricultural production model in a constantly changing and challenging environment.
The aim of the present work is the analysis of social characteristics of biological and conventional viticulturists with emphasis on the incentives affecting their decision towards adopting biological agriculture, as well as the comparative analysis of viticulture farms economic performance under organic and conventional management practices.
This study was based on original research, carried out in Greece and more specifically in the Central Macedonia region. It was performed by use of two questionnaires addressed to two separate groups of viticulturists (organic and conventional ones) and was filled through personal interviews, during the period 2004-2005.
Study results revealed that there is a considerable differentiation regarding not only social characteristics of biological and conventional viticulturists (age, education, agricultural experience, access to information), and their incentives for the adoption biological agriculture, but also between the two production systems (organic and conventional ones), regarding yields, production costs and profitability.

Key words: comparative analysis, vineyard, biological agriculture, social characteristics

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